Biopharmaceuticals are medications that are obtained through biotechnology or manufactured, extracted, or semi-synthesized from biological sources. They are produced by means other than direct extraction from a native biological source.
A major part of biopharmaceuticals is produced from life forms. These can be proteins, blood, blood components, tissues, somatic cells, vaccines, or nucleic acids used for therapeutic purposes, gene cells, and even living cells used in cell therapy.
Biopharmaceutical companies have profoundly impacted the medical field by introducing medications in cardiology, oncology, rheumatology, dermatology, gastroenterology, neurology, and others. They have introduced additional treatment options for many diseases and also developed effective drugs for diseases where no adequate treatment options were available.